Regional powers such as the two Koreas and Vietnam will acquiesce to Chinese demands and become more supportive of China rather than attempting to oppose it. In his thesis, he argued that the primary axis of conflict in the future will be along cultural lines.
Specifically, he identifies common Chinese and Islamic interests in the areas of weapons proliferation, human rights, and democracy that conflict with those of the West, and feels that these are areas in which the two civilizations will cooperate. Western civilization is no exception. This article contains weasel words: Such statements should be clarified or removed. The Clash of Civilizations and International Conflict.
Japan, China and the Four Asian Tigers have modernized in many respects while maintaining traditional or authoritarian societies which pef them from the West. All these historical and modern factors combined, Huntington wrote briefly in his Foreign Affairs article and in much more detail in his book, would lead to a bloody clash between the Islamic and Western civilizations. In addition, the clash of civilizations, for Huntington, represents a development of history.
Huntington sees the West downlpad reluctant to accept this because it built the international system, wrote its laws, and gave it substance in the form of the United Nations. Huntington therefore believes that the rise of China poses one of the most significant problems clasn the most powerful long-term threat to the West, as Chinese cultural assertion clashes with the American desire for the lack of a regional hegemony in East Eownload.
Perhaps the ultimate example of non-Western modernization is Russia, the core state of the Orthodox civilization. For a century and a half after the emergence of the modern international system with the Peace of Westphalia, the conflicts of the Western world were largely among princes-emperors, absolute monarchs and constitutional monarchs attempting to expand their bureaucracies, their armies, their mercantilist economic strength and, most important, the territory they ruled.
Clash of Civilizations – Wikipedia
However, Kitsikis establishes an integrated civilization comprising these two peoples along with those belonging to the less dominant religions of Shia IslamAlevismand Judaism. Huntington’s geopolitical model, especially the structures for North Africa and Eurasia, is largely derived from the ” Intermediate Region ” geopolitical model first formulated by Dimitri Kitsikis and published in It is not a clash of civilizations that is going on, but a clash between barbarism and civilization.
Yet they all miss a crucial, indeed a central, aspect of what global politics is likely to be in the coming years. The American political scientist Samuel P.
My FA Saved Articles. It is to set forth descriptive hypothesis as to what the future may be like. According to Huntington, a torn country must meet three requirements to redefine its civilizational identity. Wars such as those following the break up of Yugoslaviain Chechnyaand between India and Pakistan were cited as evidence of inter-civilizational conflict.
Huntington refers to countries that are seeking to affiliate with another civilization as “torn countries”.
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Inas R. This conflict dates back as far as the initial thrust of Islam into Europeits eventual expulsion in the Iberian reconquestthe attacks of the Ottoman Turks on Eastern Europe and Vienna, and the European imperial division of the Islamic nations in the s and s. The initiative is intended to galvanize collective action across diverse societies to combat extremismto overcome cultural and social barriers between mainly the Western and predominantly Muslim worlds, and to reduce the tensions and polarization between societies which differ in religious and cultural values.
More recent factors contributing to a Western—Islamic clash, Huntington wrote, are the Islamic Resurgence and demographic explosion in Islam, coupled with the values of Western universalism—that is, the view that all civilizations should adopt Western values—that infuriate Islamic fundamentalists.
The Clash of Civilizations (S. Huntington).pdf
Perhaps the most controversial statement Huntington made in the Foreign Affairs article was that “Islam has bloody borders”. But after the end of the Cold Warworld politics moved into a new phase, in which non-Western civilizations are no longer the exploited recipients of Western civilization but have become additional important actors joining the West to shape and move world history. Concerning this region, Huntington departs from Kitsikis contending that a civilizational fault line exists between the two dominant yet differing religions Eastern Orthodoxy and Sunni Islamhence a dynamic of external conflict.
It is my hypothesis that the fundamental source of conflict in this new world will not be primarily ideological or primarily economic. A Study in the Clash of Civilizations p. International Studies Quarterly, 45, pp. Each of these visions catches aspects of the emerging reality. Mexico and Russia are also considered to be torn by Huntington. There is no clash of civilizations but a clash between our civilization and barbarity.
According to Berman, fivilizations arises because of philosophical beliefs various groups share or do not shareregardless of cultural or religious identity. Edward Said issued a response to Huntington’s thesis in his article, ” The Clash of Ignorance “.
Archived from the original on The Clash of Civilizations is a hypothesis that people’s cultural and religious identities will be the primary source of conflict in the post- Cold War world.
The Global Politics of Civilizations”. Views Read Edit View history. He also gives the example of Australia as a country torn tje its Western civilizational heritage and its growing economic engagement with Asia.